You will have less problems by properly mowing, watering, fertilizing and weeding your lawn.

Keep in mind when watering your lawn that to much water is not a good thing. Water only when necessary. Once the soil dry’s out its a good time to water. You should water before the grass blades start to wilt. When grass wilts the blades will roll up to conserve moister. The grass color will also change from green to a blue green. You can also tell it is time to water by walking on your lawn. If your foot impressions remain for more than a few seconds, the grass does not bounce back up, it is time to give the lawn some water.

When watering, water enough to get the soil moist six to eight inches deep. To check stick a screwdriver in the ground. If the screwdriver goes into the soil six to eight inches without much effort, the soil should be wet enough.

Watering your lawn early in the morning is a very good time. There will be less evaporation from the sun and wind in the morning. With less evaporation the water will reach the grass roots faster.

Mowing to the proper height is important to keep away weeds and disease. The height of your grass will depend on your grass type. Never let your grass grow to tall. Letting it grow to tall and then cutting can traumatize the grass. When mowing your grass, make sure the mower blades are sharp. Having sharp blades on your mower will cut the grass, dull blades will tear the grass.

Applying fertilizer is a good idea to keep your lawn greener and weed and disease free. Apply the fertilizer evenly to avoid uneven colors on the lawn. Using a broadcast spreader to apply the fertilizer evenly will work well. For good results apply the fertilize on calm days.

Daniel Lazaj

Having the right golf ball is important. There are two basic types of balls (spin and distance) and two basic ball coverings (balata and surlyn). This set of tips will explain them.


As its name dictates, a spin ball is designed to spin. These balls have 3 parts to them:

A central core (liquid, most of the time)
Rubber windings
A cover made of a thin, soft material called balata


A distance ball, made for longer shots, has a much harder core and a harder cover. The core is made of a firm synthetic material, and the cover is a hard durable material called surlyn. This combination allows the ball to travel greater distances.

Dimple Myth

There’s a popular myth that says more dimples on a golf ball means a higher trajectory. This isn’t true. The average golf ball has between 350 and 450 dimples, and this number doesn’t make any difference in the path your ball takes. Trajectory is actually determined by the dimple’s depth and not the number.


The game of golf seems to have a language of its own. This next set of tips will give you some common golf terms and their definitions.


Par is the number of strokes a player should take to complete a round. It’s calculated by yardage and then gives you 2 strokes at the green. For instance, a par 5 hole gives you three strokes to get on the green, and then two putts to get your ball in the hole.


A tee is normally a wooden or plastic peg that the ball is placed on for hitting the first shot of each hole. Originally this was a pile of sand used to elevate the ball for driving.


According to the official golf rules, the green is the whole golf course. However, it more popularly refers to the putting surface at the end of each hole. Greens vary in shape and size, but most are oval or oblong in shape.


The fairway is the area that runs between the tee and green of a golf hole. This area is well maintained so the ball will move well on it. The grass on the fairway is usually cut at a height from 3/8 of an inch to a half-inch.


Handicap is a number that represents how well a golfer plays. This number is the number of strokes a player may deduct from his actual score to adjust his scoring ability to the level of another golfer. The lower a golfer’s handicap, the better the golfer is.


Most shots from the fairway will scrape off the top of the turf where the ball was sitting. A divot is the turf that is scraped up, and the scarred area in the fairway where the turf had been. It is polite to replace and stomp down the turf afterwards.


Lie has two meanings:

Where the ball lays. A common expression would be a good lie, which means the ball is on a great piece of grass. A bad lie, would mean it’s on a rough piece of grass, or a hazard.

How many strokes it took to get the ball where it sits.


The position a golfer takes as he or she stands over the ball, ready to hit it. The club must be grounded (touching the ground) for a golfer to be considered at address.


A hazard is anything on a golf course designed to obstruct play. These hazards can be:

Sand traps


A flagstick is a movable marker to show the location of the hole. Many courses will color code the flags on flagsticks to tell you if the hole is near the front, center, or back of the green.


Fore! is what you yell if your shot is in danger of hitting or landing by another player or group of players on the course. You yell fore! to warn players to watch out.


You won’t find this is in an official rule book, but when you’re playing a friendly game of golf, sometimes you or someone else will swing and miss, or a make really bad shot. A mulligan allows you to take that swing over without penalty.

Allan Wilson

10 7th, 2011

People living in the Middle East always dream of having a luxurious evergreen lawn, but when they think about real lawns they immediately think about how to water and maintain them. It’s obviously difficult to have a real lawn in an Arabian country, but now things has changed, today many synthetic lawn companies has come up with great quality turfs that offers plenty of benefits and it also helps to preserve our earth! You’ll be really happy to know that today’s artificial grass are made with fade resistant technology and they always remain beautiful, and this faux lawns will be an evergreen sod!

No matter what kind of climate you have and no matter where you live, you are sure to be spell bounded with lasting greenery around your residence or hotel. Your country’s hot humid climate won’t spoil these faux grass as they are durable, they can also with stand lot of rough usage. It doesn’t matter if you live in a condo or apartment these dramatic looking artificial grasses can be installed in your terrace or veranda and it doesn’t need any watering. When it comes to lawn care and maintenance, companies ensure their clients with long term durability for their waterless grass.

Today’s synthetic grasses are purposely designed for dogs, and canines can enjoy the artificial lawns and at the same time they won’t be able to spoil or damage your artificial turf. The good news for artificial grass buyers is that these synthetic sods are very easy to clean when dogs or felines relieve themselves, but in case if you are using natural lawn, then the task of cleaning is a troublesome chore. With artificial lawns, you can use tools like pooper scooper and then wash off any residues with a hose. These artificial grasses don’t require to be cut and they don’t need pesticides or fertilizers, hence they are very much safe for kids to play over it.

Evergreen lawns will go well with the Arabian architecture, and if you’re running a hotel at a tourist destination city like Dubai, you need to definitely try artificial grass at least once. The synthetic lawns are also suitable to be laid around swimming pools as they are not slippery and they provide good grip. Very recently artificial grass comes in other colors like blue, red, white, yellow and black; these colorful fake lawns can be use for decorative exhibition; where you are organizing a party or any other social event these color artificial turf is very useful and make the surrounding attractive.

Brayan Peter

10 5th, 2011

The average home-owner doesn’t devote much attention to their grass. They mow it as short as they like and they water it as much as they like – and both tactics are hard on the grass.

You may be harming your lawn without knowing it!

Do you hate mowing? Do you attempt to solve that problem by cutting your lawn as close to the ground as possible, then letting it grow as long as possible, until you mow it when you just can’t stand the way it looks any longer?

Do you water your lawn every other day or so, but not too much because you don’t want to drown your poor yard?

If you do, you could be harming your lawn!

Mowing Your Lawn
Every blade of grass is a living thing. The roots burrow into the soil where they absorb nutrients in the soil, but that green blade of grass has its own job to do as well. It absorbs the sunlight which produces photosynthesis.

If you cut the blades of grass too short, they can’t absorb enough sunlight. Losing so much of the blade at once will also stress out the root system, which will make the lawn less resistant to disease. On the other hand, you don’t want the grass to grow to long, either, because the longer the grass is, the more nutrients it needs, and so the more stress placed on the root system.

For cold-weather grasses, therefore, the best height is about three inches, and for warm weather grasses, two-and-a-half inches is the optimum height. Depending on the season, the grass will grow more quickly and need to be mowed more often.

Don’t mow your lawn in the same pattern each time- mow east to west one week, and north to south the next week. And don’t mow with a rusty blade – sharpen the blade of your mower three times a year. A dull blade will play havoc with your grass.

Watering Your Lawn
It is not necessary, or advisable, to water your grass every couple of days. Grass doesn’t need it – unless you live in a very hot climate.

Put an inch of water into an attractive dish, and place this somewhere on your lawn where it won’t be spilled. When this water evaporates out of the dish, it is time to water your lawn.

When it come time to do your watering, give the ground a good soaking. If you merely moisten the top inch or so of the soil, the root system does not go deep into the soil as it should, but rather remains shallow – and thus easily harmed.

The best time to water your grass is in the morning, before the heat of the day has time to evaporate it. However, it’s also important to be careful about water run-off. If your soil doesn’t absorb water easily, the best thing to do is water it lightly to begin with – and wait about half an hour for that water to be absorbed into the soil. Then water it again, so that the additional water will then have time to be absorbed into the soil as well.

Proper watering and proper mowing procedures are the two main keys to maintaining a healthy and beautiful lawn.

Mr.Andrew Caxton

Be it summer, winter, or somewhere in between, the challenge of keeping your yard in tip top shape is an all-consuming, year-round proposition. And though you may be resigned to the yard work and high water bills associated with a beautiful lawn, it doesn’t have to be your reality. Wouldn’t you rather be enjoying a little time on any number of great Orange County golf greens or Irvine indoor putting greens instead? With a lawn by Southwest Greens constructed of the finest artificial grass in the industry, you’ll set yourself on a path whereby your only responsibility in terms of your lawn will be to enjoy its pristine nature year-round.

As a golf enthusiast who’s spent an ample amount of time on some of the finest Irvine, Newport Beach, and Laguna Beach putting greens, you’re familiar with the synthetic turf we use for our lawns. It’s the same state of the art artificial grass you’ll find on all the Orange County backyard putting greens we’ve installed, and it promises to take your yard to an entirely new aesthetic level. Imagine a yard that calls absolutely no maintenance ever, leaving your weekends free for fun and relaxation. Say goodbye to your lawn tools, and turn the page on the weekly ritual of yard work. Begin a new ritual instead of enjoying a perfect lawn year-round without having to lift a finger.

Low to no maintenance also means significant savings on your water bills and, by extension, more money in your pocket. A lawn that never needs to be watered means significant savings on water bills, especially during the summer months when water bills are traditionally at their highest. And by conserving water you’ll be doing something good for the environment; particularly in states like California that have been hit hard by water shortages. Having a great looking lawn year-round has never been this easy, affordable, and maintenance free.

The ability to add not only beauty but also value to your home while creating less in the way of work for yourself is a proposition that qualifies as a no-brainer. Make your lawn the best looking lawn on your block every day of the year with artificial grass that looks even better than the real thing. Discover what many of your Orange county neighbors have discovered before you; namely that the key to a pristine lawn year round is not keeping it real.

Bill Nardino

Compost this Newspaper!

Author: admin
10 5th, 2011

Compost is part of a solution to our current state of pollution. I choose to grow organically because I do not wish to introduce synthetic chemicals into the food, air and water supply. The process of making compost is a sensible alternative to the commercial petroleum based synthetic 10-20-10 fertilizers. Compost builds the health of soil and provides nutrients for plant growth.

Our landfills are overflowing with organic materials that could have been recycled as compost. By creating a compost system we reduce our needs for more landfills and municipal services locally. On a global level, composting is a method to reduce our dependence on distant sources of oil.

There are many possible recipes for making compost. It is similar to creating a soup of leftovers, an artistic expression of organic degradation. The process involves recycling anything that is organic (once living) into a form that serves as plant food. The household is the best source of materials, obviously toxics should be avoided.

The following is a list of possible ingredients; grass clippings, kitchen waste, wood ashes, weeds, leaves, garden residue, pet and human hair, shredded paper, twigs and wood chips, and animal manures.

Here are some exceptions and considerations. Dog, cat and human manure should be treated separately considering disease pathogens. Garden residue should be avoided if pesticides or herbicides had been applied, or if the plants were diseased. Kitchen waste that includes meat must be treated carefully to avoid odor and local scavengers.
The site location and the mixing of the proper ratio of ingredients determines a successful compost pile. Sites should be accessible, convenient to dump the daily kitchen waste. Depending on the scale of the system, it may be appropriate to plan for tractor and trailer to transport material to build the pile. A common system is the three pile method.

Compost piles can be contained by fencing, this allows the pile to be built vertically and provides air ventilation. The size of the pile is determined by the ability to turn the quantity of material. The freshest material is layered into the first pile. Oxygen, water and biologic factors begin to degrade the material. This process generates heat, this heat spurs microbial activity and kills weed seeds and disease pathogens.
After a period of time, dependent on the type of materials and the ambient temperature, the compost is turned into the second pile. In the second pile the biologic activity builds until a point where it stabilizes and becomes useful for plants. At this point the compost is stored ready for usage in the third pile.

The proper ratio of raw ingredients and water determines the compost process. The ratio of Carbon to Nitrogen is crucial. A ratio of 30:1 is ideal for compost. Materials high in nitrogen like manure and kitchen scraps need a lot of leaves and wood chips to achieve a proper balance. Otherwise, the bacteria are over-stimulated by the available nitrogen, over multiply, and die before they decompose the high carbon material. A properly balanced chemistry is required.
Likewise the right amount of water is essential. A wet pile becomes a stinky anaerobic mess that is difficult to turn, dryness also prevents decomposition. The ideal is damp but not over saturated.

Finished compost material is not recognizable as what it was. Properly prepared, compost is a stable, odorless plant food. We can nourish crops by building the life of the soil. Compost is the alternative to petroleum based synthetic fertilizers that pollute food and water. Households, restaurants, schools, and municipalities can use the simple science of compost to more efficiently use resources.

Josh Trought is a member of the Pemigewasset chapter of the Audubon Society of New Hampshire. He lives, works and practices organic farming at D Acres Organic Farm & Educational Homestead

D Acres Of New Hampshire

Very difficult to find this info by searching online. I am sure that they would have to come in and grade the lawn and what about weeds? Do they just stop growing?

I do not know where you are located. I have a friend in Arizona that installs artificial grass in Scottsdale and Phoenix Arizona areas. He has been installing artificial grass for over thirty years. If you go to his website you can get contact information so you can find out what you want to know from an expert.

My grass on the front yard is looks terrible,and i wanna to use artificial grass. Is this is legal?

If you live in a planned community with a HOA..home owner’s association, probably. These socialists believe everyone should look alike, think alike and if somebody disagrees, they should be censured or even taken to court.

If you are not so confined, then probably you could do it. To lessen neighbor reaction though, do some creative landscaping by raising the area on the sides and along the road and then plant nice shrubs thus blocking the view of the artificial grass from their view, leaving it only for you……..rather like a courtyard.

I guarantee there will be people who make snide comments. Personally I’d rather do some good 4 season landscaping in the front combining winter color plants, form, texture, etc and leave the green carpet out back where others can just……..kiss your grits when they see it.

i have a grass lawn that i want to switch from natural to synthetic. Do i have to put the turf on the existing grass or wait for the lawn to die?

Kill the lawn – scrape the area to receive your synthetic – make sure its smooth and not bumpy with rocks – Good Luck!

Phosphorus, the eleventh most abundant element in Earth’s crust, exists in three allotropic forms: white, red, and black. The white form of phosphorus is a highly active, waxy solid that catches fire spontaneously when exposed to air. In contrast, red phosphorus is a reddish powder that is relatively inert. It does not catch fire unless exposed to an open flame. Phosphorus always occurs in the form of a phosphate, a compound consisting of phosphorus, oxygen, and at least one more element. By far the most abundant source of phosphorus on Earth is a family of minerals known as the apatites which contain phosphorus, oxygen, calcium, and a halogen. The state of Florida in US is the world’s largest producer of phosphorus and is responsible for about a third of the entire element produced in the world. Phosphorus also occurs in all living organisms, most abundantly in bones, teeth, horn, and similar materials. It is found in all cells, however, in the form of compounds essential to the survival of all life. Like carbon and nitrogen, phosphorus is cycled through the environment. But since it has no common gaseous compounds, the phosphorus cycle occurs entirely within the solid and liquid portions of Earth’s crust.

About 95 percent of all the phosphorus used in industry goes to the production of phosphorus compounds. By far the most important of these is phosphoric acid, which accounts for about 83 percent of all phosphorus use in industry. A minor use is in the manufacture of safety matches. Phosphoric acid (H3PO4) typically ranks about number seven among the chemicals most widely produced in the United States. It is converted to a variety of forms, all of which are then used in the manufacture of synthetic fertilizer, accounting for about 85 percent of all the acid produced. Other applications of phosphoric acid include the production of soaps and detergents, water treatment, the cleaning and rust proofing of metals, the manufacture of gasoline additives, and the production of animal feeds.

The extraction of phosphate fertilizers from the island of Nauru is an illustrative case history regarding involvement or role of human element in our study of industrial chemistry or any branch of science. The Republic of Nauru, located in the Pacific Ocean, has an area of 21 km2, yet it is one of the world’s major suppliers of calcium phosphate which provides this small nation a gross national income of about 200 million USD per person per annum. This income provides an opulent life style with all the conveniences of modern living to native Naurans. In addition, they hire servants and maids from Asia and other island countries for work in and around their houses.

However, the down side of this idyllic life style is that there is little incentive for the owners and employers to work or study. Obesity, heart disease and alcohol abuse have suddenly taken them in the clutches. Moreover the long term effects on the environment have also been catastrophic as extraction of the phosphate rock is like large-scale dentistry. The ore is scooped up from between enormous tooth like stalks of coral limestone, some of which are 25m high. These barren pinnacles of lime stone will be all that is left of 80% of the island when the deposits are exhausted. Furthermore, silt run off from the mixing operation has damaged the offshore coral reefs that once provided abundant fishing resources.

At one time, large amounts of phosphoric acid were converted to a compound known as sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP that, in turn, was used in the manufacture of synthetic detergents. When STPP is released to the environment, however, it serves as a primary nutrient for algae in bodies of water such as ponds and lakes. As phosphates are a major source of pollution in lakes and streams, and high phosphate levels support over-production of algae and water weeds. However, many of us have misconceptions regarding the source of polluting phosphates, and many homeowners unknowingly contribute to the problem. Lawn and Garden fertilizers often are implicated as the major source of phosphate pollution. However, research clearly demonstrates that with proper application, fertilizer does not pollute. When phosphates are applied to soils, they quickly bind to soil particles, much like a magnet picks up paper clips. Soil-bound phosphates contribute to pollution only when soil erosion occurs. Research studies have found little or no difference in the phosphate content of storm runoff from lawn fertilizers with and without phosphate. The growth of huge algal blooms in the 1970s and 1980s as a result of phosphate discharges eventually led to bans on the use of this compound in detergents. As a consequence, the compound is no longer commercially important.

Problems arise, however, when fertilizer is over-spread or spilled onto hard surfaces like streets, driveways and sidewalks. Here, the phosphate washes with rain through the storm drains into lakes and rivers. Likewise, grass clippings and leaves that fall on hard surfaces release their phosphorous into water sources. Research studies indicate that 80 percent of the phosphorous from urban settings comes from lawn clippings and leaves that end up in street gutters. While a few grass clippings mowed into the street look rather innocent, collectively they have a major impact on our water quality. Using a mulching lawn mower to keep lawn clippings on your lawn is especially useful. Another important source of phosphate pollution comes from soil erosion caused by water or wind. When soil moves, it takes the soil-bound phosphates with it. Construction sites and sparsely vegetated ground also cause erosion.

Dr.Badruddin Khan